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1. Fraser Fir Fraser Fir

Abies fraseri – dark green, flattened needles; ½ to 1 inch long; good needle retention; nice scent; pyramid-shaped strong branches which turn upward.
2. Douglas Fir Douglas Fir

Pseudotsuga menziesii – good fragrance; holds blue to dark green; 1” to 1 ½” needles; needles have one of the best aromas among Christmas trees when crushed. Named after David Douglas who studied the tree in the 1800’s; good conical shape; can live for a thousand years.
3. Balsam Fir Balsam Fir

Abies balsamea – ¾” to 1 ½” short, flat, long lasting needles that are rounded at the tip; nice, dark green color with silvery cast and fragrant. Named for the balsam or resin found in blisters on bark. Resin is used to make microscope slides and was sold like chewing gum; used to treat wounds in Civil War.
4. Concolor Fir Concolor Fir

Abies concolor – blue-green needles are ½ to ½ inches long; nice shape and good aroma, a citrus scent; good needle retention.
5. Canaan Fir Canaan Fir

Abies balsamea var phanerolepis -- uniform, short ascending branches form a tightly pyramidal to conical formal habit; ¾ to 1 ½ -inch long, flat needles are lustrous dark green above with white stomatic bands below; dark violet cones when young, turn gray-brown at maturity.
6. Blue Spruce Blue Spruce

Picea pungens – dark green to powdery blue; very stiff needles, ¾” to 1 ½” long; good form; will drop needles in a warm room; symmetrical; but is best among species for needle retention; branches are stiff and will support many heavy decorations.
7. White Spruce White Spruce

Picea glauca - White spruce is a medium-sized conifer found in northeastern United States and throughout Canada. It is the state tree of South Dakota. White spruce has a cone-shaped crown, and when grown in the open develops a conical crown which extends nearly to the ground.
8. White Pine White Pine

Pinus strobus – soft, blue-green needles, 2 to 5 inches long in bundles of five; retains needles throughout the holiday season; very full appearance; little or no fragrance; less allergic reactions as compared to more fragrant trees.
9. Scotch Pine Scotch Pine

Pinus sylvestris – most common Christmas tree; stiff branches; stiff, dark green needles one inch long; holds needles for four weeks; needles will stay on even when dry; has open appearance and more room for ornaments; keeps aroma throughout the season.
10. Austrian Pine Austrian Pine

Pinus nigra – dark green needles, 4 to 6 inches long; retains needles well; moderate fragrance.
11. Serbian Spruce Serbian Spruce

Picea omorika -- short ascending or drooping branches form a narrow, very graceful, spire-like habit; ½-to 1-inch long, flat needles are lustrous dark green above, distinct silvery stomatal bands beneath
12. Nordmann Fir Nordmann Fir

Abies nordmannia
– dark green, flattened needles, shiny, silvery-blue below, ¾ to 11/2 inches long.
13. Grand Fir Grand Fir

Adies grandis – shiny, dark green needles about 1” – 1 1/2 “ long; the needles when crushed, give off a citrusy smell.
14. Norway Spruce Norway Spruce

Picea abies – needles ½” – 1” long and shiny, dark green. Needle retention is poor without proper care; strong fragrance; nice conical shape.